WAKE BOARDING

Wakeboarding is a surface Watersport. It was created with a combination of water skiing, snow boarding and surfing techniques. Before it was called wakeboarding it was called sarfing (Ski + surfing.) As in water skiing the rider is towed behind a boat, or a cable skiing setup, but typically at slower speeds (16-23mph). Beginners start at slower speeds such as 18mph with shorter ropes ( 45-50 ft.) More experienced wakeboarders use faster speeds such as 22.5 -24mph (speed changes can affect wake shapes drastically), but use 60 feet or longer ropes. Instead of using skis, the rider rides a single board, known as a wakeboard with stationary non release bindings for each foot, standing sideways as on a snowboard or skateboard. As with many freestyle sports such as snowboarding and surfing, there is almost a separate languages of terms to describe various tricks (Tantrum, Elephant, Backroll, 5,7,9,10) Tricks can be performed from either heelside or toeside cuts, for example a toeside 360 is approaching the wake toeside followed by a 360 spin in the air.

The sport is growing in popularity as it is fairly easy to pick up, but offers a wide opportunity for self-expression. Wakeboarding was added to competition in X Games II. The winner of the competition was Parks Bonifay. The next year women were able to compete. The winner of the first womens competition was Tar Hamilton. Parks Bonifay, Dallas Friday, Danny Harf, Scott Byl Darren Shapiro, and Shaun Murray are some of the well-know atheletes in this sport.

AIR RALEY The rider hits the wake and allow their body to swing backwards, up overhead, parallel to the water. The rider then swings the board and his or her body down and lands on the other side of the wake.

AIR HAYPT The same as an air relay except that the rider lands in a switch stance position.

FAKIE SWITCH The riders rides the board with their weak foot forward opposite of their normal stance i.e. left foot or right foot forward.

TAOTRUM A rider back flips over the wake on an axis perpendicular to the direction of the board.

SURFACE 360 A rider spins the board 360 degrees while riding the surface of the water.

BMX BICYCLE MOTO-CROSS X

BMX (Bicycle Moto-cross(X)) is a form of cycling on specially designed bicycles which usually have 20-inch wheels (smaller than the 26-inch wheels found on mountain bikes and the 700C or 27-inch wheels found on more conventional road racing bicycles). The sport includes races on sandy and hilly tracks-BMX racing-as well as the performances of tricks on flat ground, wooden ramps or obstacles found on the streets-BMX freestyle.

BMX originated in the state of California, United States in the late 1960s, when teenagers imitated their motocross heroes (most notably Steve McQueen) on their bicycles. Scot Breithaupt is credited as the founder of BMX. The 1971 motorcycle-racing documentary "On Any Sunday" is generally credited with inspiring the movement nationally. In the opening scene, kids are shown riding their Schwinns off-road. It was not until the middle of that decade that the sport achieved critical mass, and manufacturers began creating bicycles designed specially for the sport. In the case of Freestyle BMX, it wouldn't be what it is today without Bob Haro's contribution. He merged skateboarding tricks with freestyle BMX that led to the current-day style of this extreme sport.

BMX racing is where BMX started. The courses emulate motocross tracks, but are generally smoother, and are about 900 to 1,100 feet in length. Races, they last about 25 to 40 seconds hitting speeds of 15 to 35mph depending on track conditions, the skill level and age bracket of the class. The participants race for points in which the rider with the most points under district (local), state/provicial, regional, national and international rules and regulations is declared the number one (#1) or Champion Racer. These rules and qualifications are determined by governing organisations that promote and sanction these events called Sanctioning bodies. BMX racing in the US consists of 2 leagues, NBL (National Bicycle League) and ABA (American Bicycle Association). Both are similar, but still have differences.

SNOWBOARDING

Snowboarding is a boardsport on snow similar to skiing but inspired by surfing and skateboarding. Snowboarding is an increasingly popular winter sport throughout the world. A snow board equipment consists of a snow board, snowboarding boots, binding to attach their boots to the board, as well as snowboarding, specific winter clothing. Snowboarding became a winter Olympic Games sport in 1998. Other events focus on snowboarding are the annual European U.S. and Nippon Open Snowboarding Championships and the Winter X-Games. These are hosted by various winter resorts in Europe, United States, Japan and Canda.

The snowboard evolved from early pioneering work by people such as Sherman Poppen (who, in 1965, invented the "Snurfer" in his North Muskegon, Michigan home), Chuck Barfoot, Dimitri Mitrovitch. Tom Sims, and Jake Burton Carpenter. Jake is the founder of Burton Snowboards, one of the largest, and most well-established snowboard companies in the world. In the early 1980s, snowboard companies such as Sims, Winterstick, and Avalanche began emerging across the country. Also in the early 1980s films by Warren and Greg Stump began to feature clips of snowboarders, boosting the popularity of the s among the skiing community. It was not until the mid-1980s that snowboarding exploded into the mainstream, when the first snowboard magazine, Absolutely Radical, hit the racks; it was soon renamed International snowboard Magazine.

Famous snowboarder

KevinJones
Terje Haakonsen
Craig Kelly
Danny Kass
Tara Dakides
Shaun White
Matt Wild





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